WHAT IS MISCARRIAGE?
Miscarriage is the continuous loss of pregnancy. It is when an embryo or fetus dies before the 20 weeks of pregnancy.
What are the causes of miscarriage?
1. When the fertilized egg has an abnormal number of chromosomes (genes). This happens at random, so one can’t prevent it or cause it to happen.
2. Certain illnesses, like severe diabetes, can increase the chances of having a miscarriage.
3. A very serious infection or a major injury may cause miscarriage.
4. Late miscarriages — after 3 months — may be caused by abnormalities in the uterus.
5.If there is re occurrence of more than 2 miscarriages in a row, that person is more likely to have a miscarriage.
6. Womb structure: problem and abnormalities with the womb can also lead to second trimester miscarriage.
7. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition where the ovaries are larger than normal, it is caused by hormonal changes in the ovaries.
8.Mother’s emotional state during pregnancy, such as being stressed or depressed having a shock or fright during pregnancy also cause miscarriage.
9. Placenta problem: the placenta is the organ linking the mother’s blood supply to the baby, if there is a problem, the development of the placenta, it can also lead to miscarriage.
10. Age of the mother: Has an influence. In women under age 30,1 in 10 pregnancies will end up in miscarriage.
11. Food poisoning: this is caused by contaminated food. It can also increase their risk of miscarriages
Type of miscarriages
1. Threatened miscarriage — when a woman has vaginal bleeding and may have mild cramps, but the cervix stays closed. Half of the time, the bleeding stops and the pregnancy goes on normally. The other half of threatened miscarriages become inevitable miscarriages, and end in pregnancy loss.
2. Inevitable miscarriage —when a woman has increased in bleeding, and the woman cervix opens. If this happens, there’s no chance for the pregnancy to continue.
3. Incomplete miscarriage — Some of the pregnancy tissue comes out of the woman’s uterus, and some stays inside. Such woman may need follow-up treatment to remove the remaining tissues.
4. Complete miscarriage All the pregnancy tissue comes out of your uterus. It usually don’t need any extra treatments.
5. Missed miscarriage — when the woman has no cramps or bleeding. But ultrasound shows an embryo without a heartbeat or an empty pregnancy sac without an embryo. Usually the tissue passes on its own, but you may need treatment.
Miscarriages can be dangerous if they’re not treated. Call your doctor right away if you have any signs or symptoms of miscarriage.